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Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu

Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu

Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu

Armand Jean du Plessis, 1st Duke of Richelieu (French: [aʁmɑ̃ ʒɑ̃ dy plɛsi]; 9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642), known as Cardinal Richelieu,[a] was a French statesman and clergyman. He became known as l'Éminence rouge, or "the Red Eminence", a term derived from the title "Eminence" applied to cardinals and from the red robes that they customarily wear.

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